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CalypsoTravel / NEWFOUNDLAND

NEWFOUNDLAND

per person

Newfoundland and Labrador form the easternmost province of Canada. On the island of Newfoundland, the Nordic archaeological site L’Anse aux Meadows is the famous Viking explorer Leif Erikson’s settlement. The Gros Morne National Park, in the Gulf of San Lorenzo, has cliffs, waterfalls and glacial fjords. The capital city in the southeast, San Juan, is known for the seventeenth century Citadel Signal Hill, with a footpath on the slopes.

  • Included
    NEWFOUNDLAND
    Departure Taxes
    Entry Fees
    Accommodation
    Breakfast
    Self drive
  • Not Included
    Personal Guide
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Day 1 – St. John’s
Arrive St. John’s Airport. Welcome to the oldest city in North America, 500 years old!  This historic city mixes city slick with old town charm and is full of character. You will find brightly coloured houses, fantastic dining options, and a visit to George street is a must where there are more pubs per square feet than anywhere in North America! Overnight in St john’s
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Day 2 - St John’s
City tour of St John’s enjoy the culture, the beauty, sights and sounds of this extraordinary capital.
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Day 3 - St John’s /Avalon Peninsular
Leave St John’s via the Irish Loop, a scenic and historic drive to the Avalon Peninsular, home to Puffins, Whales and Caribou. Then on to Bay Bulls where you can take a boat ride to the Witless Bay ecological reserve. The waters off Bay Bulls is where you will find the largest population of Humpback Whales. Continue to St Mary´s for overnight stay
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Day 4 – Avalon Peninsular
Explore more of the western shore of the Peninsular, with visits to the Ecological Reserve seabird sanctuary, Castle Hill National Historic park, then back to St Mary’s for overnight.
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Day 5 – Avalon Peninsula/Dildo
Depart St. Mary’s and drive north to the charming community of Brigus. Visit Hawthorne Cottage, Ye Olde Stone Barn Museum and the Tunnel while in Brigus. Continue on the Baccalieu Trail to the community of Dildo. Dildo is renowned for its hilarious name and for a photo opportunity! Overnight Dildo.
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Day 6 – Dildo/Trinity
Suggestions for Dildo include visiting the interpretation centre, aquarium touch tank and 1933 replica of a giant squid as well as site of the 1800′s cod fish hatchery. In the afternoon continue north to the Bonavista Peninsula and on to Trinity – the cultural capital of Newfoundland and renowned for its unique historical architecture. Overnight Trinity.
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Day 7 – Trinity
This morning enjoy a nature cruise of Trinity Bay. The afternoon at leisure to explore this beautiful region further. This area has been used for the filming of the movie “Shipping News” starring Dame Judi Dench & Kevin Spacey and also for the TV miniseries drama “Random Passage”. Visit the nearby Cape Random film set constructed in 2000, the site offers visitors the opportunity to step back in time and imagine the life of our forebearers in a typical fishing community in the early 1800’s. Continue on and drive the remainder of the Bonavista Peninsula. Take time to visit Cape Bonavista Lighthouse, Historic Ryan Premises, Mockbeggar Plantation and the Matthew Interpretation Centre. Overnight Trinity.
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Day 8 – Trinity/Terra Nova National Park
Depart Trinity and take a leisurely drive to Terra Nova National Park, – a beautiful example of typical Newfoundland landscape. Terra Nova National Park is known as the ‘Fingers of the Sea’ as it protects remnants of the ancient Appalachian Mountains. Look for for ospreys, eagle, lynx and moose. Overnight Terra Nova National Park.
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Day 9 – Terra Nova National Park
This morning why not enjoy a nature cruise through the Newman Sound Fjord. Other activities nearby include: golf, canoeing, sea kayaking, fishing, hiking, and cycling to name a few. Overnight Terra Nova National Park.
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Day 10 – Terra Nova National Park/St. John’s
Depart Terra Nova National Park and take a leisurely drive back to St. John’, to return your rental car.

TOUR LOCATION

The name "New founde lande" was uttered by King Henry VII in reference to the land explored by the Cabots. In Portuguese it is Terra Nova, which literally means "new land" which is also the French name for the Province's island region (Terre-Neuve). The name "Terra Nova" is in wide use on the island (e.g. Terra Nova National Park). The influence of early Portuguese exploration is also reflected in the name of Labrador, which derives from the surname of the Portuguese navigator João Fernandes Lavrador. Labrador's name in the Inuttitut language (spoken in Nunatsiavut) is Nunatsuak, meaning "the big land" (a common English nickname for Labrador). Newfoundland's Inuttitut name is Ikkarumikluak meaning "place of many shoals".

Location and Information

Newfoundland and Labrador is located on the far north-eastern fringe of North America, closer to Europe than any other part of the continent. It is situated between the 46th and 61st parallels, with most of the island section of the province below the 50th parallel. The total land area of the province is 405,720 sq. km.; the island portion of the province, Newfoundland, covers 111,390 sq. km. while the mainland section, Labrador, covers 294,330 sq. km.

The province's proximity to the North Atlantic Ocean helps to give it a moderate climate. Two major currents, the Labrador Current from the Arctic and the Gulf Stream from the Gulf of Mexico flow past the province. The average winter temperatures on the island of Newfoundland range from -6°C to -10°C in the interior to a -2°C to -4°C on the south-east coast. In Labrador the average winter temperature is between -10°C and -15°C. The average summer temperature on the island is approximately 14°C in coastal areas, while inland the average temperature may go above 16°C. The average temperature in Labrador is between 8-10°C on the coast, with the temperature in the interior approximately 3-5°C warmer.

According to 1996 statistics, the total population of the province is 551,792; 522,602 people reside on the island of Newfoundland and 29,190 people in Labrador. Slightly more than half of Newfoundlanders and Labradorians live in rural communities along the province's rugged coastline. The rest of the population lives in the larger city and towns. The largest city is the capital, St. John's, with a population of 101,936 and a metro-area population of approximately 177,000.

The ethnic background of the people is predominantly British, particularly the south-west of England and the south-east of Ireland. English is the mother tongue of 98.6 percent of the people. However the province has a French presence, especially on the island's west coast, that accounts for 0.4 percent of the population. In addition to its European ancestry, the province is home to three native groups: the Innu, Inuit, and Micmac. The first two groups live in Labrador and the Micmac reside on the west-coast of the island. The native languages and other non-official languages account for the remaining 1 percent of the languages spoken in the province.

On March 31, 1949, the people of Newfoundland and Labrador joined Canada and became the country's youngest and most easterly province.